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Ghana Ranks 6th on Highest Food Price Inflation List Despite the ‘Success’ of Its Flagship Policy, PLFJ.

Some of the items that have seen the most significant price hikes include dairy products, meat, and fresh produce. These items, which form the backbone of many households' diets, have become increasingly expensive, putting a strain on family budgets.

In recent months there has been a noticeable increase in domestic food prices. According to the latest data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, food price inflation from September to December of 2022 has risen at a faster rate compared to previous years. This has resulted in consumers facing higher costs for staple goods, with some items experiencing double-digit percentage increases.

The World Bank’s recent food security update confirms these findings, stating that food price inflation in many developing countries has accelerated since September 2022, with staple food items such as maize, rice and wheat experiencing significant price increases. The update cites factors such as drought conditions along with the strong demand for food globally, as the main drivers of this trend.

The data goes further to indicate that, there’s been high inflation in almost all low-income and middle-income countries; 83.3% of low-income countries, 90.5% of lower-middle-income countries, and 91% of upper-middle-income countries have seen inflation levels above 5%, with many experiencing double-digit inflation. The countries affected most are found in Africa, North America, Latin America, South Asia, Europe, and Central Asia.

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Top 10 List on the Food Price Inflation

Ghana ranks 6th with 60% nominal food inflation and Zimbabwe tops the chart with 285% and 41% on nominal and real food inflation respectively. This accentuates further how the African continent has been severely hit.

The main factors contributing to this trend are the ongoing drought conditions in major agricultural regions, which have affected crop yields, and the pandemic-related supply chain disruptions, which have caused shortages and increased transportation costs. This has caused a domino effect on food prices, from raw materials to finished products on grocery store shelves.

Some of the items that have seen the most significant price hikes include dairy products, meat, and fresh produce. These items, which form the backbone of many households’ diets, have become increasingly expensive, putting a strain on family budgets. The increased costs of these goods are especially problematic for low-income households who spend a larger portion of their budget on food.

In response to the rising food prices, some retailers have implemented strategies such as sourcing alternative suppliers and reducing their profit margins to keep costs low for consumers. However, these efforts have only had limited success in mitigating the overall trend.

But why is Ghana on the list when the current government’s flagship policy, The Planting for Food and Jobs initiative has received tremendous support from various stakeholders, including local farmers, private sector companies and development organizations?

According to them, the program has seen significant success with the government reporting a significant increase in food production, improved food security and the creation of thousands of new jobs. 

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The situation has prompted calls for government intervention to address the root causes of food price inflation. Many advocacy groups are calling for measures such as improving infrastructure in rural areas, investing in sustainable agriculture, and strengthening the food supply chain to increase resilience in the face of future shocks.

In conclusion, the recent rise in domestic food prices has significantly impacted families and households across the country. While retailers and the government are working to find solutions, it remains to be seen what measures will effectively combat this trend in the long term since the seemingly measures been implemented arent doing the trick.

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